Recent Projects: Emergency Relief
SOMALIA: Emergency food distribution in Mogadishu
Following the failure of harvests due to poor rainfall for nearly four years, many people have lost their livelihoods due to Somalia’s dependence on agriculture. Most livestock has now been eaten or sold, and many animals have simply died of hunger. Drought conditions have forced millions to leave their homes in search of food and water.
The resulting displacement crisis has put pressure on the already dire humanitarian situation in Somalia. According to the World Health Organisation (WHO), more than 6.2 million people - half of Somalia's population - face acute food insecurity and need urgent humanitarian aid.
Thousands of displaced families have set up camps along the Mogadishu–Afgoi Road. Most are from farming and agro-pastoralist communities from Bay and Bakool and Lower Shabelle regions which are between 200–300km from Mogadishu. Many families walked the whole distance, while others took donkey carts or public transport. It’s hard to know exactly how many people are in these camps as more displaced families arrive every day. We estimate the number to be between 250,000 and 300,000 individuals.
More than 90% of the families in the camp live in the makeshift huts made from sticks and old clothes. The remaining 10% had the opportunity to receive tarpaulins distributed by aid agencies. The immediate needs of IDPs are food and water. However, even though rain is badly needed, it will potentially flood and destroy the shelters that displaced families have created.
Our emergency project involved the distribution of food to 300 families in the Kahda District. There were so many people in need, but we identified the most vulnerable families with elderly members, pregnant women and malnourished children under the age of five.
YEMEN: Responding to an acute humanitarian crisis
Since the escalation of the conflict in March 2015, the people of Yemen have endured unimaginable suffering. Yemen was already the poorest country in the Middle East, plagued by widespread poverty, instability and a weak economy. Now, Yemen’s infrastructure has been devastated and its economy is on the brink of collapse.
14.12 million people are currently experiencing food insecurity, and another 14.1 million people urgently require access to clean water and sanitation facilities. The severity of the need in Yemen continues to grow, and 3.3 million children and pregnant/lactating women are acutely malnourished. This figure includes 462,000 children under the age of 5 who are suffering from severe acute malnutrition; an increase of 63% since late 2015.
The situation is still tense in Hodeida, Yemen’s fourth largest city. There have been severe electricity shortages since mid-2015 and people who are able to spend money are using generators as well as solar power. Violence has destroyed gantry cranes and warehouses in Hodeida’s port. In Aden, blackouts and power cuts are common, and fuel supplies for domestic use are intermittent.
As part of our Yemen emergency response, we have distributed food baskets to 468 families in the Yemeni capital of Sana’a.
Human Appeal’s Yemen office has carried out an assessment of the public hospitals in Sana’a. The Aljumihori public hospital will now receive emergency assistance for hospitalised children and their mothers, including medicines, medical tests, and hygiene and nutritional supplies. This will benefit 200 needy children and their mothers.
The Aljumhori public hospital will also be provided with:
- Essential medical equipment.
- Minor rehabilitation, light equipment and emergency room supplies.
- A solar energy system.
These essential improvements will benefit roughly 15,000 people.
IRAQ: Families Fleeing Violence in Mosul
The humanitarian crisis in Iraq remains one of the largest and most volatile in the world. In 2014, 2 million civilians were displaced in Iraq, and in 2015, an additional 1.4 million were forced to flee. During the past year, more than 650,000 people in conflict-affected areas have been displaced.
Over 3 million Iraqis have lost their homes, living in 3,700 locations across the country. There is no end to the conflict in sight, and in 2017 as many as 1.2 million additional civilians may be forced from their homes.
2.9 million people are currently food insecure, forced to rely on severe and often irreversible coping strategies. Inter-agency and cluster assessments confirm that 10.3 million people require health care and 8.3 million need water and sanitation facilities.
Intervention in Mosul has the potential to be the single largest humanitarian operation in the world in 2017. Military sources confirm that as many as 500,000 civilians remain in the central and eastern parts of the city and that close to 700,000 are concentrated in the densely populated western sections. Without emergency support, these families will be unable to survive.
Our Human Appeal staff on the ground are currently carrying out a needs assessment, and delivering Quick Impact Projects (QIPs) to families in desperate need. With your support, we have:
- Delivered 1,500 food parcels to families in the Khazer camp on the outskirts of Mosul in November 2016.
- Purchased and distributed 500 large blankets to local families.
- Arranged food distribution in a similar camp for approximately 1,000 families.
Throughout the coming 12 months, Human Appeal’s planned interventions include:
- Setting up either a permanent or mobile bakery near the main camps outside Mosul, that will provide bread packs to 50,000 beneficiaries on a daily basis , in addition to food parcel delivery.
- Providing clean water and sanitation facilities in a number of camps across Iraq.
- Creating temporary learning centres for displaced Iraqi children living in refugee camps.
MYANMAR: The Plight of the Rohingya Muslims
Rakhine State, located in the western Myanmar, is the least developed of Myanmar’s 14 states and is characterised by widespread poverty, weak infrastructure, natural disasters, and a lack of opportunity for employment and income generation.
Home to the Rohingya Muslims, Rakhine State has been affected by intercommunal conflict since 2012. The Rohingya Muslims are considered one of the most persecuted groups in the world. They are denied Burmese citizenship, despite having lived in Myanmar for generations, they cannot move freely within the country, and are often targeted for forced labour. The total stateless population of Rakhine State is estimated to be close to 1 million people.
The outbreak of violence in northern Rakhine State, following attacks on border guard police on 9th October 2016, led to an escalation of tensions between the Rohingya and the Myanmar army, resulting in ongoing communal violence and armed clashes.
Following the outbreak of violence, the government declared a state of emergency in Maung Daw and three other townships. The security operations led by the Myanmar Army resulted in restricted access to northern Rakhine and halted all existing aid operations.
Statistics from the UN’s Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs show that 120,000 people have been displaced within Rakhine State and 179,000 people in need of urgent humanitarian assistance. Recent UN reports show that a direct result of the outbreak of violence in October 2016 and retaliation by the Myanmar Army and police, 66,000 people have fled to the Bangladesh border and 22,000 people are internally displaced within Maung Daw. Aid operations have now resumed, but access remains limited.
Our intervention to date:
- Our Human Appeal team has visited 25 villages in the Maung Daw township to conduct a needs basement, interviewing 10,000 families. 5,000 families from 10 villages have been identified as matching the selection criteria.
- Those 5,000 families are now receiving emergency food packs and drinking water, as well as clothes, blankets, medicine and baby supplies.
- We are also providing emergency medical care to those who have been affected by the recent violence. The villages targeted by our intervention are being visited by the relief team and a doctor, paramedic or health assistant. The health experts are checking the health of each beneficiary and administering treatment, including oral saline, blood pressure medicine, vitamins and nutritional supplements for babies.
SYRIA: The Crisis in Aleppo
Human Appeal has more than 200 staff and 70 volunteers working inside Syria, from offices in both Idleb Sarmada and Aleppo A’zaz. Our personnel are devoting their attentions to a diverse array of project areas, including Food Security & Livelihoods, Water and Sanitation, Health, Non Food Items, and Shelter.
Human Appeal is a strong partner with WFP, UNOCHA and UNDP, and we are distributing 16,500 food parcels each month to camps for Internally Displaced Persons in Northern Idleb.
In the past couple of weeks, Human Appeal has:
- Constructed a high-quality emergency camp in Azaz Aleppo, catering for 2,500 vulnerable people who have fled Aleppo city.
- Provided clean, treated water for 3,500 beneficiaries each day, and constructed latrines and showers.
- Distributed 4,000 hygiene packs and food parcels to 20,000 people in rural Aleppo.
- Provided 50,000 people with flour and bread on a daily basis across rural Aleppo.
Human Appeal is one of the few international organisations on the ground in rural Aleppo. We’re now delivering more life-saving aid to civilians fleeing the ravaged city, including:
- Emergency kits containing sponge mattresses, blankets, pillows, plastic sheets, and an LED light to 1,044 families.
- Kitchen sets containing pots, bowls, cutlery, a cooking stove and a jerry can to 1,044 families.
- WASH facilities for 6,570 beneficiaries.
- Temporary shelters for the 80,000 displaced Syrian civilians in rural Aleppo.
- A mobile kitchen producing 5,000 cooked meals for 24hrs every day.
- Winter kits to protect Syrian families in the coldest months of the year. Hypothermia, chilblains, frostbite, and pneumonia are real risks, particularly for children and the elderly.
In 2016 alone, your generous donations helped us deliver £28 million in humanitarian aid to Syria’s most vulnerable people. Since 31st December 2016, we have provided 5,020 cooked meals every day at 36 distribution sites in Azzaz, Aleppo. So far, our cooked meals have fed 25,100 individuals.
SYRIA: Flour Distribution in Aleppo
Since the beginning of 2013, Human Appeal has implemented flour distribution campaigns in Syria. Almost all the Syrian people depend on bread as a major food source. The Syrian conflict is now in its fifth year, and the need for flour is as severe as ever.
Based on a Human Appeal needs assessment within the Syrian territory, we identified a shortage of bread due to the unavailability of flour in different governorates within Syria.
There is a complete absence of bread across many regions, due to:
- A lack of flour and yeast required for bread production.
- A steep rise in prices, increasing from 15 to 45-150 Syrian Pounds (SP). In some areas, prices increased tenfold.
- A lack of functional bakeries, where even if the flour is available, there is no diesel and gasoline available for generators to produce electricity. Due to this shortage of fuel, the price of petrol has increased from 50 to 300 SP (six times higher) and diesel from 15 to 200 SP.
Over the course of this one month project (November-December 2016), we provided 1,000 tonnes of flour to conflict-affected Syrians. All goods were delivered inside Syria according to Human Appeal logistic procedures and policies:
- Goods were checked and verified for damaged or missing items, then a goods receiving note (GRN) was filled and signed by Human Appeal staff.
- Goods were delivered to the local partners' stores and bakeries with a goods delivery note (GDN), filled and stamped by the management of our local partners’ organisations.
This flour distribution project helped alleviate the suffering of 200,800 Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) and residents in the affected areas, by providing them with enough food support for a 1 month period.
HAITI: The Aftermath of Hurricane Matthew
On 4th October 2016, Hurricane Matthew violently struck south-west Haiti, cutting a deadly swathe across the country, and causing the largest humanitarian emergency since the earthquake six years ago. Even before Hurricane Matthew hit, Haiti’s people were struggling to survive. The country has high levels of poverty and currently ranks 168 of 187 on the Human Development Index, while 55% of the population live on less than US $2 per day.
As a consequence of the hurricane, more than 500 people have been confirmed dead, and another 1.4 million are in need of immediate food assistance. An estimated total of 2.1 million people have been affected by this disaster.
At least 300 schools have been damaged and according to UNICEF, some 106,250 children require educational support. The daily death toll from cholera cases is steadily rising, as people are forced to drink sewage-contaminated water.
On 9th October, Human Appeal’s emergency response team arrived in Haiti and completed needs assessments in the most devastated areas. We identified the province of Grand’Anse as the worst affected region, and made it the primary focus of our relief activity. We also staged interventions in the town of Jérémie and surrounding villages.
Our six-person emergency response team has provided food packs to families in need, consisting of rice, pasta, cooking oil, sugar, beans, tinned fish, tinned milk, and tomato paste.
We have already delivered these packs to 20,400. We are in the process of providing half a million life-saving water purification tablets to up to 52,500 people for a period of 3 months.
We need your continued support to rebuild 36 homes in Jérémie, one of the worst affected areas, and regenerate the Jérémie mosque, serving 500 people. Human Appeal also intends to build a bore hole water well, benefiting 1,000 people.
TURKEY: Providing Medical Training for Syrian Doctors
Attacks on healthcare facilities and the death of hundreds of medical personnel in Syria have forced medical staff and professionals to flee the country. Subsequently, many specialised operations have been left to technicians and trainees, and many hospitals are working without anaesthesia specialists. This has led to increased mortality rates and the wastage of vital anaesthesia drugs.
Human Appeal has been working in Syria since 2012 and has received official NGO registration from the Turkish government. In 2015, we launched an initiative to furnish more medical staff with anaesthesia training and build local expertise. 27 participants were taught new methods and tactics according to international and UK references, and those still inside Syria were able to collaborate and network with peers in the same field.
TURKEY: Providing Quality Education for Syrian School Children
The long-term impacts of any crisis are suffered most keenly by children, and the Syrian situation is no exception to this rule. Increased investment in education and child protection is urgently required to safeguard the future of 4.3 million children currently eligible for primary and secondary education.
We have been working to support Al Houda School in Antakya, Turkey and enhance the educational environment for children affected by conflict. Over the course of this project, 561 refugee children were given access to quality formal education, and provided with learning aids and educational kits. A certified curriculum was established and students were given the opportunity to participate in vocational and recreational activities like IT and sport.
SYRIA: Educating Children in Batbu Village, Northern Aleppo and Dir Hassan Village, Al-Dana District
Human Appeal has been working with the Batbu Village school in Northern Aleppo and with Dir Hassan Village in Al-Dana district, to give children the opportunity to access education.
Providing education in an emergency situation is an extraordinary challenge, and bold, flexible approaches are needed to ensure success. We decided to address educational concerns in Batbu Village, as the Aleppo governorate has been one of the most seriously affected areas during the ongoing Syrian crisis, and the region’s children are in desperate need of support.